PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences https://www.grdspublishing.org/index.php/people <div id="focusAndScope"> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>ISSN 2454-5899</strong></p> </div> Global Research & Development Services Publishing en-US PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences 2454-5899 APPLYING VLADIMIR PROPP’S MORPHOLOGY OF THE FOLKTALE TO NICHOLAS SPARKS’ "THE LUCKY ONE" https://www.grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/2319 <p><em>The novel as a literary genre appeared in the eighteenth century with the rise of the mid-class as a form of entertainment. Nickola Spark is one of the modern American novelists. He is a New York Times bestseller author with over eighty million international copies in forty-five languages. The researcher aims to examine Spark’s “The Lucky One” (2008) according to the Russian folklorist and scholar Vladimir Propp’s&nbsp;Morphology of the Folktale&nbsp;(1927). Even though Propp's theory used to apply to folktales, some researchers apply it to novels, such as Nursantia (2003), entitled "The Moral Aspect in Joseph Conrad's 'Heart of Darkness'" and Salmah (2004) in his thesis entitled "The Moral Forms in Charles Dickens's 'Our Mutual Friend'". Thus, the lack of applying Propp's theory on novels in general and modern text in specific encourages the researcher to fill this gap in the study by applying Propp's Morphology of the Folktale&nbsp;to a modern novel, “The Lucky One” (2008). Trying to answer the following research questions: 1) Is it possible to apply Vladimir Propp’s&nbsp;Morphology of the Folktale&nbsp;(1927)&nbsp;to Nicholas Spark’s novel “The Lucky One”? 2) What are the good and bad morals portrayed by the main characters in “The Lucky One”? 3)How many features of Propp’s thirty-one features can be found in Nickola Spark’s “The Lucky One”?</em></p> Dr. Doaa Taher Matrood Al-dihaymawee Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 10 1 01 12 10.20319/pijss.2024.101.0112 ENHANCING ISLAMIC FINANCIAL LITERACY IN INDONESIAN YOUTH GENERATES BROADER SOCIETAL BENEFITS https://www.grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/2331 <p><em>Indonesia, with a predominantly Muslim population, exhibits low levels of financial literacy and Islamic financial literacy, despite a growing interest in Islamic banking. This research focuses on evaluating the financial literacy of young Indonesians and its relationship with Islamic financial literacy policies. The quantitative approach, based on a survey of 70 respondents, reveals that the youth in Indonesia possess moderate financial literacy and Islamic finance knowledge. Government policies, primarily centered around personal learning and online education, demonstrate limited efficacy in improving financial literacy among the youth. The study suggests that the low level of Islamic financial literacy cannot be solely attributed to existing policies, as other external factors play a significant role. The research emphasizes the need for a more comprehensive understanding of the multifaceted influences on the relationship between Islamic financial literacy and societal outcomes in Indonesia.</em></p> Anandita Azra Rosadi Dr. Christos Alexakis Anindia Pratiwi Putri Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 10 1 13 26 10.20319/pijss.2024.101.1326 THE ROLE OF ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY AND BUSINESS STRATEGY TO ACHIEVE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE https://www.grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/2332 <p><em>An among company base on the organizational environments could lead conducts within an implementing economy of scale and the level of efficiency in identifying the number and variety of products and services that produce business can be profitable for the long term, to achieve competitive advantage in the industry. An asymmetric situation-based approach based on Agency Theory describes corporate business governance in which the company owner as a principal hires agent (company managers with various functional levels) to run the business of operating the organization in a complex industry. Meanwhile, analysis based on strategic choice theory pays attention; the relationship between managers of different functional levels and options, the constantly shifting market dynamics with the latest technological advances and innovations that continue to be made between business competitors, and the level of relationship between managers and the market are dynamic. For this reason, the author will develop a new concept of business strengthening that has the role of Economics, Efficiency, and Business Strategy to achieve Competitive Advantage in Companies in Industry in Indonesia with an approach based on Agency Theory and Strategic Choice Theory.</em></p> Edwin Hidayat Abdullah Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 10 1 27 41 10.20319/pijss.2024.101.2741 THE RIGHT TO ONE'S IMAGE, AS A RIGHT OF THE HUMAN PERSONALITY JURISPRUDENCE https://www.grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/2333 <p><em>Through a theoretical and practical approach, the study presents the main regulations of the right to image, as a personal non-patrimonial right: the Romanian Civil Code, the Romanian Constitution, and the new legislation in the field of personal data. The study presents practical issues such as jurisprudential solutions in Romania regarding the violation of the right to image in the online environment (Facebook, Instagram), television shows, and press articles. Also, the study deals with the much-disputed issues of using the person's image in the procedures for sanctioning the employees, analyzing how the National Authority for Supervision of Personal Data Processing (N.A.S.P.D.P.) from Romania sanctioned the abuses of the employers. The case studies and the analysis of European and Romanian legislation are also useful to students, theoreticians, and legal practitioners.</em></p> Carmen Todica Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 10 1 42 55 10.20319/pijss.2024.101.4255 EMPLOYEES’ RESISTANCE TO CHANGE DURING POST-MERGER INTEGRATION IN SERVICES ORGANISATIONS https://www.grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/2334 <p><em>Mergers and acquisitions are an important strategic option for a corporation to drive higher growth and profitability. Despite significant investments being made in mergers and acquisitions, past experiences indicate that many mergers and acquisitions fail. The failure is often attributed to employees’ resistance to change. Factors, such as organisation change, culture, leadership, trust, and communication, among others, lead to employees’ resistance to change. This issue has a significant impact on service organisations since human capital is their key source of competitive advantage. The purpose of this study is to determine factors influencing employees’ resistance to change during the post-merger integration. This paper synthesises findings from a systemised literature review of ‘peer-reviewed’ research papers, published from November 2020 to November 2023, in ProQuest and EBSCOhost databases with keywords ‘employees’ resistance to change’ and ‘post-merger integration’. The findings establish strategies managers could adopt such as creating a continuous learning environment, recognition of the existence of subcultures within a culture, greater involvement of middle managers in the integration phase, devising an appropriate reward plan for early adopters, and focusing on the pace of changes. The study outcomes will help organisations in designing effective post-merger integration programmes leading to efficient use of capital.</em></p> Yashasvi Sharma A. Seetharaman K. Maddulety Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 10 1 56 68 10.20319/pijss.2024.101.5668 INTERPRETATION AND JUSTIFICATION OF RULES FOR MANAGERS IN BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS: A PROFESSIONAL ETHICS PERSPECTIVE https://www.grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/2335 <p><em>Managers' roles and corresponding obligations in business organizations are well-established. If a conflict in competing obligations arises, then the concerned manager is generally advised to consult and apply rules as they exist in the form of various laws, policies and guidelines in the country, the profession or the industry, and the organization. These three sets of rules are formulated to help explain an organization's work to managers and others so that they may understand and arrive at judgments to act in the given fact-situations appropriately. However, the rule-following of managers, it is argued, ought to be ethically correct for its own sake and for the sake of the ethical environment in the organization. For this purpose, the managers ought to interpret the rules for their correct applications, in fact-situations, instead of just following the rules. They ought to look for a rational interpretation of rules so they do not compromise their managerial responsibilities, as it is a question of understanding not only letters of rules but also the spirit of rules. The argument continues that apart from understanding the reasons for the rational interpretation of rules, there is also a need to assess the ethical justification of rules because, for example, a professional manager may come across a rule regarding gender discrimination or else he may not find any rule regarding unjust dismissal from the job in his organization. Given the above, I argue in the paper that the rule-following of managers in the organization is ethically required to be rooted in their ability to interpret and ethically justify rules rationally.</em></p> Kumar Neeraj Sachdev Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 10 1 69 78 10.20319/pijss.2024.101.6978 EXPLORING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF USING QUIZLET ON LEARNING DENTAL TERMINOLOGY https://www.grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/2338 <p><em>The main goal of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the Quizlet flashcard app for learning English dental terminology. 100 dental-technology students from a five-year junior college in southern Taiwan</em> <em>participated in this study. Participants had access to Quizlet for </em><em>learning</em><em>281 dental terms. By using a quasi-experimental research design, data were collected from vocabulary quizzes and a questionnaire. Vocabulary quiz results were compared to measure the effectiveness of Quizlet’s assistance. The questionnaire was distributed after the use of Quizlet to evaluate satisfactory features of the software. Preliminary research findings have shown a positive correlation between frequency of Quizlet use and the acquisition of dental vocabulary, at a significance level of p &lt; .001~.005. In addition, the participants gave positive feedback on Quizlet’s functions with mean scores ranging from 4.71~5.0 (on a 6-point scale). Unexpectedly, the perceived benefits of using </em><em>Q</em><em>uizlet did not result in satisfactory test scores because the students did not use it extensively. </em><em>Future research can focus on the correlation between students' perceptions of educational apps and their eagerness to use them.</em></p> Shu-Chuan Liang Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 10 1 79 92 10.20319/pijss.2024.101.7992 RESOLVING A REALISTIC MIDDLE GROUND TOWARDS THE SUSTAINABILITY TRANSITION IN THE GLOBAL POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC LANDSCAPE: A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW ON GREEN CAPITALISM https://www.grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/2337 <p><em>In 2019, a climatic wake-up call was made by the IPCC as the world’s temperature is projected to increase by 4-6°C. With the systematically ingrained capitalist imperatives in the political and economic landscape, the notion of “green capitalism” was introduced in the justification of limitless economic growth with less energy consumption than the world can sustainably produce (Schweickart, 2010). Prior research has identified heterogenous stances on green capitalism. However, sustainable transition research has neither clarified the realistic middle ground that it should pursue, nor has it determined whether a pro- or anti-capitalistic stance should be taken in the first place (Feola, 2020). Through a literature review, the analysis of heterogeneous stances on green capitalism based on its debate scopes reveals the need to exploit capitalist imperatives to a sustainably appropriate extent rather than forcing it to produce a midway standpoint of the “Net Zero” global consensus. The findings suggest the need for a potential reconceptualization of capitalism in the political and economic landscape as a tool of green revolution toward sustainable transition, providing a realistic middle ground. </em></p> Syabella Triana Budiono Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 10 1 93 121 10.20319/pijss.2024.101.93121 ANALYZING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INDUSTRIAL POLICY AND ENTREPRENEURIAL ECOSYSTEM https://www.grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/2340 <p><em>This article discusses the importance and articulation of innovation policy from the point of view of the entrepreneurial ecosystem approach. </em><em>The paper takes the form of a literature review.&nbsp; </em><em>To this end, the authors describe the analysis of industrial policy based on the entrepreneurial ecosystem approach proposed by Stam (2018)</em><strong><em>. </em></strong><em>The research finds that innovation policy plays a crucial role in a competitive entrepreneurial environment to achieve creative destruction. The Policy tries to solve the problems that hinder the interaction of the factors that make up the entrepreneurial ecosystem.</em> <em>Different policy tools should be developed to formulate policies for the entrepreneurial ecosystem. Additionally, </em><em>successful innovation policy tools in one ecosystem could be applied in another ecosystem.</em></p> Nasib Jafarov Nargiz Nahmatova Ehtiman Nuralizade Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 10 1 122 134 10.20319/pijss.2024.101.122134 EXAMINE THE EFFECTS OF GOODS AND SERVICES TAX (GST) AND ITS COMPLIANCE: REFERENCE TO SIERRA LEONE https://www.grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/2341 <p><em>This study analyzes the effects of (GST) and how it is being implemented in Sierra Leone. GST replaces previous taxes, including domestic sales tax, import sales tax, entertainment tax, hotel room tax, restaurant tax, food tax etc. The objectives of this study are to know the effect of GST on the Sierra Leone Economy, to know if GST implementation will lead to an increase in prices of goods and services; to assess GST compliance rate in Sierra Leone; and to know the reasons for GST implementation in Sierra Leone. The data collection method used both primary and secondary sources the study's participants were 89 employees of NRA and business owners in Sierra Leone 2021 to 2023. Questions were analyzed using SPSS in the form of descriptive analysis, chart, and correlation coefficient. The results showed that GST implementation has positive effects on Sierra Leone Economy. The introduction of GST is to boost revenue and promote economic growth in Sierra Leone. GST introduction in Sierra Leone has resulted in increased prices of goods and services. It is recommended that the NRA should provide tax education and awareness and provide availability and accessibility of technological infrastructure for GST implementation in the country. </em></p> Lamin Kaira Abdul Conteh Alhaji Mohamed Hamza Conteh Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 10 1 135 152 10.20319/pijss.2024.101.135152